Personal care: bunions and big toe

    Auteur: Podiatre Montreal

    Techniques to reduce the pain of your bunion

    How bunions are to be processed is very important to us. First, you should try all types of conservative treatments before considering surgery. Surgery should be your last resort. Secondly, if you have a bunion on your foot, you should consult a good Podiatrist for treatment. Although there are many things you can do yourself to reduce the pain associated with bunions, to slow or stop the growth of the bunion, you need a more complex treatment. For example, if prescribed properly, custom-made foot orthotics can reduce the forces that cause bunions.

    However, if you cannot see a Podiatrist immediately, here are some self-treatment methods to reduce the pain caused by the bunion.

    Our 12-step plan to eliminate bunion pain

    Follow this plan for two months and if you still have pain, see a Podiatrist.

    1. Put plantar supports in your shoes. This will reduce stress in the bunion area. Over-the-counter foot supports will not work as well as quality custom-made foot orthotics, but they will help. We recommend a full-length foot orthosis.
    2. Instead of slippers, wear sandals with arch support when you are at home. These will reduce tension in the big toe joint.
    3. Use a toe separator when wearing your sandals. We recommend soft silicone toe separators with an integrated slot for sandals. They wrap around the strap to reduce friction and improve comfort when walking in sandals.
    4. Wearing proper socks can help reduce the pain of the bunion. Socks can help in two ways. They reduce friction on the bunion and provide extra cushioning. Cotton is a poor choice for people with bunions caused by excessive friction.
    5. Put a compress or protection on the bunion area.
    6. Use a separator between the first and second toe to prevent them from rubbing together. The best separators are made of silicone. Try a silicone toe separator.
    7. Use a bunion night splint at night to prevent the big toe and second toe from rubbing against each other. These reduce the pressure between the toes. They probably do not straighten the toe in the long run, but there is no medical research on this.
    8. Put ice on the bunion for ten minutes every night.
    9. Use a topical analgesic throughout the day.
    10. Find a shoe store with well-trained staff who will be able to ensure that you get a well-fitting pair of shoes. A good shoe clerk will be able to show you the best fitting shoes and can often modify them to better suit your needs. We recommend shoes that have more space in the toe area and are easy to adjust.
    11. Adjust your shoes to allow enough room for the bunion. You can stretch them yourself with a shoe extender.
    12. For very large bunions, use a stretchy shoe. Women’s and men’s stretch shoes are unique and combine leather and elastane, which is both elastic and breathable. They stretch and conform to the contours of the foot, leaving enough room for foot deformities. This eliminates stress on bunions and other protrusions. These shoes are exceptionally comfortable for feet with bunions, hammer toes or bony prominences.

    Self-treatment will not make your bunion disappear, but you can use it to reduce the pain. Don’t let your big toe pain get worse. Early treatment can prevent problems in the future.

    To make an appointment, call 514 931-6111 or visit

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      Podiatre Montréal
      1826 Sherbrooke O,
      Montreal, QC H3H 1E4