Auteur: Podiatre Montreal
Foot pain can have many causes, many explanations and can involve different parts of the foot: heel, toe, malleolus or ankle. In our case we are going to talk about pain on the outside of the foot next to the little toe. Several conditions can cause such pain such as flat feet, tendonitis, arthrosis, tendon stretching or even a hammer toe, but the most well known and painful is the quintus varus.
In order to quickly reduce your pain, we advise you to consult one of our specialists at our podiatric clinic in Montreal in order to make a diagnosis as soon as possible and prescribe the appropriate treatment such as a foot orthosis for example. Foot pain is so numerous that it can manifest itself through various and varied symptoms in different areas of the foot. The foot is a veritable tool of the human body composed of about twenty muscles and more than thirty bones, joints and ligaments, which is why the causes of pain outside the foot can be of various origins. In this article we will tell you more about them.
Causes of pain on the outside of the foot
Pain on the outside of the foot, as explained above, can come from a variety of sources since this part of the body is one of the most exposed and supports our entire weight. Below you will find different causes for this pain:
The most common we find is tendinitis, caused by an inflammation affecting the tendon related to the fifth metatarsal is easy to diagnose and treat.
Then comes the plantar fasciitis which affects the heel, the Achilles tendon and the arch of the foot, which will also be an inflammation, but of the plantar fascia in this case. It is also one of the causes that is easily treated.
Other causes that are very often reported when treating patients is the stress fracture that comes from a state of great muscle fatigue. It therefore leads to tiny cracks in the bone that are not caused by a violent shock, but by excessive stress. In order to remedy this cause, the case of fracture should be treated as soon as possible by a doctor.
More mechanical causes can cause pain on the outside of the foot, such as malformations or deformities of the hallux valgus type (deviation of the big toe), hammertoe or claw toe, flat foot, bunion… In one of these cases, such as the hammertoe, the pressure felt by the foot in the shoe causes almost unbearable pain and can lead to the appearance of corns. This is why it is essential to have the real cause of your foot pain diagnosed while evaluating your pain.
Other mechanical causes, but not the least, joint diseases and problems include arthritis of the foot which will cause intense pain in the ankle due to wear and tear of the cartilage protecting the joints on the side of the foot and osteoarthritis such as hallux rigidus affecting only a specific part of the foot.
The last main causes of pain on the outside of the foot are: a fracture of the diaphysis of the 5th metatarsal which indicates a greater severity of injury and may require surgery in some cases, then compression of the interosseous nerve which will be felt mainly during intense sporting activity and finally the pathology of the Lenoir’s thorn or calcaneal spur which is a bone excrescence on the inside of the foot.
In addition to these main causes, we can also cite inadequate footwear, excess weight, or poor positioning of the foot. You will need to consult a Podiatrist to treat these symptoms as well as the underlying problem.
Consequences of pain on the outside of the foot
Despite all these different causes for pain outside the foot, the consequences for a person can be varied. In any case, you will suffer from lateral pain that can be felt in different situations: pain when running or practicing a physical activity, pain in the feet when waking up, pain in the arch of the foot and pain in the heel, pain in the back of the foot at the Achilles tendon or pain when wearing a shoe due to the development of hallux valgus for example.
In some cases, these symptoms are also accompanied by swelling of the foot, the appearance of corns, joint and muscle stiffness and difficulty moving the foot. In all cases, it will be necessary to determine the exact cause of your pain in order to know with certainty the corresponding health problem: deformity, nerve compression, stress fracture, inflammation of the foot, tendon tear… To do this, examinations will be requested and solutions will be proposed to relieve the pain and remedy the consequences.
Solutions and treatments for foot pain
You don’t know how to treat pain on the outside of your foot? Trust the teams at Montreal Podiatric Clinic to carry out all the clinical examinations and offer you the appropriate solutions and treatments after confirmation of the diagnosis.
Many treatments exist depending on the cause of the pain, but it may require :
- Medication if you are suffering from an infection.
- The wearing of soles for shoes adapted in case of deformation
- A follow-up by a chiropodist
- In rare cases, surgery in case of fracture or very large malformation
- Rehabilitation which can be similar to prevention with the realization of massage on painful areas as well.
In order to avoid hurting your feet as much as possible, we warmly recommend wearing suitable footwear when you suffer from flat feet for example and avoid putting weight on your feet.
It is essential to have an evaluation of the injury done by a health professional. Do not hesitate to make an appointment in our podiatric clinic and we will receive you as soon as possible to answer all your questions and offer you a personalized treatment.