Auteur: Podiatre Montreal
A hammer toe is a toe with a permanently downward pointing joint.
The toe could be soft or rigid, and the condition could affect any toe. Hammertoes occur when abnormalities in ligament function cause the tendons of the foot to tighten. This causes the joints to flex, which causes the toes to point upwards.
The pain caused by the deformity usually occurs when the shoes rub against the prominent part of the toe. The result is inflammation and possible corns, calluses or ulceration.
When a hammer toe is formed, the toe remains flexible at the beginning of the process and straightens when pressure is applied to the curved area. Gradually, the toe can become permanently contracted and rigid. Painful calluses on the sole of the foot may accompany rigid hammertoes due to the increased pressure on the toes.
Ulceration caused by a hammer toe
If possible, our goal is always to offer treatment without surgery. In most cases, we are able to provide a conservative treatment for hammertoes. This may include:
- Wearing foot orthotics in shoes
This relieves the pressure on the hammertoes and allows the toes and the most important joints of the foot to function more properly.
- Wearing shoes with more space in the toe area.
- Wearing splints or rectifiers
- Reduction/removal of corns and calluses
Wearing shoes with insufficient space in the toe area causes friction and the appearance of symptoms.
Conservative treatments do not straighten the toes and do not correct the deformity. However, they can relieve pain. In cases where conservative treatment fails to relieve pain, the toes can be straightened with surgery. Surgical procedures are generally very effective, but in order to ensure the best results, it is important that you choose the right surgeon and that surgeon chooses the appropriate procedure.
You don’t have to live with toe pain. If you are experiencing symptoms, call us today to schedule an appointment at our clinic in Montreal.2021